The Elephant in Hindu Armies – India

The elephant is a large and imposing animal. Its natural habitat is south East Asia and Africa. The Asian elephant is slightly smaller in size than the African elephant and thus more suited for combat role. The earliest reference to an elephant as an instrument of war is in the Mahabharta. This epic mentions the war elephant. Sanskrit hymns composed about 1100BC, also mention the use of the elephant for military purpose. An elephant trained and guided by humans in battle is referred to as a war elephant. The basic use of war elephants was to make a massed charge against the enemy and sow confusion and fear in the opposing ranks.

The elephant soon became a standard part of the Army of the Hindu Kings. In fact they occupied pride of place in the Hindu armies. The assets of the elephants were their strength and terrifying appearance. Alexander the great faced the Hindu King Porus at the battle of Hydaspes in 326 BC. In addition he also faced a force of about 200 elephants. It was a terrifying battle as the Greeks were confronted by this formidable force of elephants. Selecus the Greek general who led the assault against the elephants was suitably impressed and later incorporated large elephant forces in his army. After the battle Alexander calculated that in case he advanced further he would face about 6000 elephants of the Magadh kings and thus gave up his plans to proceed further. Thus the war elephant became the mainstay of the Armies of that period in India. From India, the practice of using war elephants spread westward to Asia Minor, Greece and Africa. Their most famous use of elephants was made by the Greek general Pyrrhus of Epirus and Hannibal against the Romans.

The strategy of the generals of that period centered on the elephants who were placed in front. This was essential as they were to lead the charge. They were flanked by other components like cavalry and infantry.

Elephants had a pride of place in Hindu Armies. Great care was taken to equip the elephants. Elaborate armor made of steel was specially made for elephants. Specialized training was given to the elephants that moved into battle to the accompaniment of drums, trumpets and conch shells. The idea was to over awe the enemy and scare him.

The commander-in-Chief normally mounted an elephant and directed the battle. This gave him a panoramic view of the battle field but also made him vulnerable to personal attack as he could be easily identified. An example is the king of Debal, King Dahir who mounted an elephant against the Muslim invaders in 712AD. Dahir fell from his elephant and as if taking a cue the Army disintegrated.

The elephant continued to have pride of place In Indian Armies. Generally the war strategy of the Magadha Kings revolved around a large elephant force. Chandragupta had an estimated 9,000 elephants while chroniclers mention Harsh the Hindu king as having a force of 60,000 elephants. Irrespective of the figures the fact remains that large forces of elephants operated as part of Hindu armies. These elephants normally carried the day if battles were fought with set positions as on an even field and jungle areas.

A prohibitive number of elephants have died fighting in the various wars during India’s history. It’s important to remember that a massed charge by elephants could have terrifying results as it could reach speeds of about 30 km/h. Such a charge was also difficult to stop by any infantry line up as it would by pure force crash into enemy soldiers, trampling and creating confusion. Not forgetting the shock effect. Men who escaped being crushed were just knocked aside or forced back. It will not be wrong to say that the elephant was in the olden days the equivalent of the modern Tank/Panzer divisions.

The introduction of muskets in mid-1700 and cannon put an end to the military superiority of the elephant. However, their importance for use was not diminished because they could still transport soldiers, ammunition and supplies over extremely rough terrain where men could not go alone. The real end of elephants as a potent force occurred in the first battle of Panipat in 1526. Babur had cannon and his opponent Ibrahim Lodhi a large force of elephants. The gun powder noise and smoke did not allow the elephant charge to take place with the result Babur carried the day. It also marked the end of the elephant as a mainstay of the armies in India. But their use continued in other ways to help the war effort. Even during WWII in Burma against the Japanese the British commandeered all private owned elephants for war duty. It was only the advent of the jeep that the role of the elephant ended once for all.

Whiplash Symptoms From Sneezing?

Most people have heard of whiplash and think of it as something that is caused in a car accident. And while that is true, there are also other causes of whiplash including a previous neck injury, sport related falls, being pushed or a bad fall.

Even an intense sneeze can result in whiplash!

That’s why it’s important to know the signs of whiplash which may include:

  • A sudden feeling of stiffness or soreness in the neck
  • Pain between shoulders
  • Difficulty in turning the head from side to side

Because of the pain associated with whiplash, along with the potential for further complication, it’s important to consult with a chiropractor following any injury. Any sudden stop of an individual’s body that forcefully snaps their head and neck forward, backwards, or sideways can severely injure their neck’s soft tissues, muscles, ligaments, tendons and nerves, as well as the vertebrae.

In a whiplash injury, supportive soft tissues in the neck are often over-stretched or torn and spinal joints can become misaligned. Misaligned vertebrae, or subluxations, can cause the nerve roots and blood vessels in an individual’s neck to become compressed, stretched or irritated. This can interfere with nerve transmission and blood supply to vital body functions.

In addition, the normal curve of the cervical spine is altered and joint motion becomes restricted. As a result, weakened tissues are no longer able to support the vertebrae in its proper position.

Over time, if these subluxations are left untreated, they can cause many health problems such as headaches, backaches, neckpain, arthritis, heart problems, and many others. There is simply no end to the health conditions that can result from a pinched or blocked nerve. Consider this, if the nerve from your brain to your heart was cut the result would be fatal. What if the nerve was pinched or squeezed? What would the result be?

This is why consulting with a chiropractor is so important. Individualized chiropractic adjustments not only can relieve initial pain from an injury, they can also help in the restoration of healthy spinal joint function to prevent future problems.

Because chiropractors are extensively trained, they can help with:

  1. Removal of nerve interference
  2. Breaking down scar tissue from previous injuries
  3. Increasing circulation to enhance healing
  4. Reducing inflammation

Studies have shown that chiropractic adjustments can eliminate or reduce joint pain and restore normal range of motion to specific areas of injury. An Australian study points to the pain associated with whiplash and shows how a chiropractor can help with such situations. The 10-year study found that:

  • Facet joint pain is the definitive cause of chronic head and neck pain in 60 percent of whiplash cases studied
  • 87 percent of patients exhibited a limited range of cervical motion. The two findings suggest that many whiplash injuries respond well to chiropractic care because adjustments are specifically directed at facet joints
  • Case studies have also shown that chiropractic adjustments can eliminate or reduce joint pain and restore range of motion

Can Color Therapy Heal? Color and Body Associations

Conventional Medicine and Color

Conventional medicine does not dispute the fact that light is important to health. We need to be exposed to full spectrum sunlight, which contains all colors, on a regular basis to stay healthy. Even conventional medical practitioners use specific colors to treat illness. For example, ultraviolet light is directed to the affected area in the treatment of acne and psoriasis. And a premature baby with the liver condition, hyperbiliruminemia, is treated with blue light.

How Does Color Therapy Work?

Albert Einstein said that “All forms of matter are really light waves in motion.” The field of color therapy believes that colors with their different frequencies and vibrations affect different areas of our body and that our organs and tissues need the same energy frequencies as contained in those colors to stay healthy. If there is disease or injury, the vibrations and energy from that area of your body will be disturbed. When colored light enters our eyes, color therapy says that it will trigger the production of specific hormones which are in control of our body’s biochemical system. Applying the color with the correct frequency may give your body the help it needs to restore health. Color cannot heal you. But color may enable the body to heal itself!

Even our emotions may be influenced by color. Studies have indicated that red light, for example, can excite you while blue light has a calming effect.

Color and Body Associations

According to the field of color therapy, this is a summary of each color’s related body area.

RED: Adrenal Glands, Lymph System, Lower Extremities, Prostate Gland (men), Elimination System, Bladder, Teeth, Skeleton System, Sacral Plexus

ORANGE: Gonads, Reproductive System, Lumbar Plexus, Sexual Organs

YELLOW: Pancreas, Solar Plexus, Stomach, Large Intestines, Liver, Muscular System, Skin

GREEN: Thymus Gland (controls the immune system), Heart, Lungs, Circulatory System, Chest

BLUE: Thyroid Gland, Neck, Throat, Hands, Arms, Brachial or Cervical Plexus

INDIGO: Pituitary Gland, Temples, Carotids, Forehead

VIOLET: Pineal Gland, Brain, Nervous System

Color Therapy Glasses

A simple, convenient and inexpensive way to treat your body to color therapy is to wear color therapy glasses. While wearing them, light entering through your eyes is concentrated at a certain frequency, depending on the color of the lens, and may help your body to balance the appropriate area as described above.

Epsom Salt Bath

The immersion bath tub should be filled with about 135 litres of hot water at 400C. One to 1 1/2 kg. of Epsom salt should be dissolved in this water. The patient should drink a glass of cold water, cover the head with a cold towel and then lie down in the tub, completely immersing the trunk, thighs and legs for 15 to 20 minutes.

The best time to take this bath is just before retiring to bed. This is useful in cases of sciatica, lumbago, rheumatism, diabetes, neuritis, cold and catarrh, kidney disorders, and other uric acid and skin affections.


Certain precautions are necessary while taking these therapeutic baths. Full baths should be avoided within three hours after a meal and one hour before it. Local baths like the hip bath and foot bath may, however, be taken two hours after a meal. Clean and pure water must be used for baths and water once used should not be used again. While taking baths, temperature and duration should be strictly observed to obtain the desired effects. A thermometer should always be used to measure the temperature of the body.

Women should not take any of the baths during menstruation. They can take only hip baths during pregnancy till the completion of the third month.

Kitchen Remedies – Rosemary

Rosemary (Rosmarinus Officinalis) has a colorful history of healing. The ancient Greeks thought that putting Rosemary garlands on their heads would help them learn, this has not been proven to be true, but of course it couldn’t hurt.

Rosemary has been long used as a preservative, especially for meats. This is true, the antioxidants protects fats from being attacked by oxygen. This fact could save many picnics, by mixing a generous amount of crushed leaves into your hamburger and adding it to your pasta and potato salads. Rosemary compares favorably with BHA and BHT as a preservative.

During the middle ages, the English began incorporating Rosemary into their wedding ceremonies and funerals. For weddings it was thought to be a symbol of fidelity and in funerals it was for remembering the deceased. Rumor has it that by the 16th century Rosemary planted around the house meant that the woman was “in charge” so husbands began tearing up the plants to prove they ran their homes.

According to legend in 1235, Queen Elizabeth of Hungary was paralyzed. A local healer soaked Rosemary in wine and rubbed it on her legs and she was healed. Even today the use of “Hungary Water” is prevalent.

Several studies have shown that in lab animals Rosemary as an oil or seasoning can reduce the risk of several cancers by 1/2. It has not been proven to work on humans, but it seems to be worth trying in my book. The cancers that it works on in animals are colon, lung and breast. In some studies the oil has been rubbed on the skin and in others it was fed to the animals. Either way having Rosemary as a regular in your diet is an easy preventative.

Rosemary is most often currently used as a stimulate for the circulatory system, used for headaches, indigestion, a gargle for bad breath and in baths for relaxation. It is said that a cup of Rosemary tea is as effective as an aspirin.

To make rosemary tea, use 1 teaspoon crushed leaves to 1 cup boiling water and let steep for 10 to 15 minutes. You may drink up to 3 cups per day.

Rosemary will also relieve nasal congestion due to flu, colds or allergy. Rosemary will strengthen your heart and reduce blood pressure.

As an after dinner drink it will ease indigestion.

Rosemary will also ease menstruation pain. It should not be used by women who are pregnant as it will also relax the womb.

Externally it works as a wonderful hair rinse to strengthen your hair, reduce dandruff and stop premature balding.

The oil used externally will help ease the pain of stiff and inflamed joints. It is a wonderful addition to a foot bath to relax and ease sore feet.

Rosemary is a wonderful ground cover in your garden and grows in light sandy soil with full sun. To much watering will cause root rot. That makes it a perfect plant for someone who does not get around to watering often. It should be started as a plant as seed is difficult to germinate. It will withstand zero weather without any care. If you live in an area where the temperature drops well below that, mulching in the fall will keep the plant over winter.

Studies have shown that it really doesn’t take a lot of Rosemary for it to work. It is a wonderful flavoring for meat, potatoes and vegetables and even a teaspoon a day will have therapeutic effect.

For more information on herbs and home remedies please visit me at

Time For a Tough Talk?

Even when things are going extra well, there are times when a problem or issue must be taken head on and tough talking is essential. Delivering tough and sometimes unpopular messages effectively is not only about what you say, but also how you say it.

Here are some tips to help when it’s time to tackle a tough problem and talk through problems which many would rather avoid – whether internally with your team members, or with a valued client.

First focus on objective facts. Put it plainly, without commentary, opinion, value judgements, and sentiment.

Dimension the problem.  Measure the situation and describe its impact so that it is widely understood and appreciated.

Numbers speak for themselves. If you have numbers, let them talk for you.

Be clear and forthright about the biggest and most serious issues. Don’t beat around the bush, pussy-foot about, or avoid it.

Deal with the “  elephant   in   the   room “. Don’t leave folk wondering, guessing, or hanging on for the real agenda.

Succinctly present key facts. Simplify into bullet points, headline statistics, graphs, and diagrams to communicate clearly.

Present your action plan. Even if the final solution isn’t apparent, articulate a plan. Be clear about what will happen next and further steps in your plan.

Say what you expect or need to progress to a solution. Remove any ambiguity about what you want from each person so each understands the part they play in resolving the problem.

This formula does not mean that you or anyone else will enjoy a tough talk, but rather that what you have to say is more likely to hit its target.

Simple Living Room Decorating

When it comes to decorating your home the main focus should be the living room. The living room is the main gathering area and therefore the highlight of every home. Your goal should be to want your living room to be accepting of visitors and not too stand off-ish. This is where friends and family come to socialize and enjoy each others company. Why not make it a comfortable and inviting living room.

The first thing to consider when beginning such a project is the amount of natural lighting and the atmosphere you would like to create with the color of the walls. If you would like a soothing and relaxing atmosphere a darker tone would be suitable. Whereas if you would prefer a more bright and lively atmosphere a light or vibrant tone will do wonders.

Now take a step back and try to picture where you would like to see the furniture. Look at your walls and choose a pattern or color or even wood type that coordinates well with the color or colors you’ve chosen. Try to picture a seating area which forces people to face each other. This way it creates a scene that encourages every one to interact and enjoy each others company more. When everything is simply facing the television, for example, the room becomes simply a small theater full of zombies and couch potatoes.

Tables and lighting should be your next concern. I for one prefer to have one kind of table or another readily available from nearly every seat in the room. As well as personal lighting. This way every one can be as comfortable as they wish. Not everybody can go this route and they don’t have to. The perfect placement of just a couple pieces can make all the difference in the world.

Once you have all of the major components in place it is time to really have fun. It is time to add your special personal touch with various decorations throughout the room. For the walls you can hang pictures, sconces, trophies, or any number of available wall hangings. You can now also add some little trinkets, figurines, bowls, or any number of other decorative items. Just remember, as in most scenarios, less is more. Try to hold off from having too many items around because then it begins to look cluttered. So keep it simple and you’ll be much happier with the overall appearance and flow of your now newly decorated living room. Enjoy!

The Art of Home Staging

Staging is the art of using marketing and decorating techniques to create an environment that buyers can aspire to. “If I buy this house, I can live like this.” Stagers use the art of “positioning” to create several “emotional connection points” throughout the home so that when a buyer steps into the house they “feel home.” “This is it.” “This is the one.” What does feeling home look like? For Home Stagers it’s a combination of eight elements analyzed in each room in order to create a lasting impression for the home buyer:

1. First Impressions – Room by room, we will walk through and take note of our first impressions, what grabs us, what glares at us and what gives to us a feeling of home?

2. Eliminating Clutter – The packing starts now as we pack away a good percentage of everything in the room in order to create a more clean, open and spacious feel.

3. Emphasizing the Positive – While Downplaying the Negative – Finding your beautiful focal points, we will emphasize what we love about the room and hide or distract the negative aspects of the rooms.

4. Lighten Up – Focusing on lighting and color, we will make each room into a bright, warm and inviting space that buyers can respond to.

5. Home Buyers Appeal – In order for a buyer to “feel home” they need not be reminded of this being your home. We’ll depersonalize the space while retaining the warmth and fun of photos.

6. Odor free/Cleaning/Repairs – The dirty work speaks for itself but is many times overlooked because you’ve lived here for so long. Let’s get rid of the buyer’s mental “repair list” by doing it ourselves.

7. Modernizing – Updating your style and building simple accessories out of what you already have to create clean lines and form. In some cases, we’ll recommend purchases as valuable “investments” in the staging process.

8. “Emotional Connection Points” – Creating the “Wow Factor”. This is the fun part and is a huge focus of our positioning strategy. We’ll show you how to build in these subtleties in order to make the buyers subconsciously desire to live here and “feel home”. The “emotional connection points” are where marketing strategy really comes in to play

You are eight critical steps away from selling your home quickly and for more money. The process is started in the consultation by having the seller put on “buyers eyes” as a first step in transforming their home into what home buyers will desire and buy.

Oil Pulling In A Nutshell

You might have heard about oil pulling at least once or twice and also you may not be much aware about this particular process. There will be a lot to say about oil pulling and its natural healing power for many ailments like blood pressure, blood sugar, cholesterol, eczema, asthma, migraine, arthritis and more.

Oil Pulling is a very simple process which has to be done as the first thing in the morning after brushing your teeth but before eating or drinking anything. Of course, it is with some kind of oil, all types of oil are not advised for oil pulling. Studies say that sun flower and sesame oil would be very effective. As lots of people have got good results with this, you may also try it out.

First thing in the morning just after brushing your teeth but before eating or drinking anything, means your stomach must be empty to do oil pulling. Take one table spoon oil [sesame or sun flower] into your mouth. Find a good place to sit properly, close your eyes and stay away from all disturbances, slowly move the oil between your teeth, swish, pull and suck the oil through your teeth, do it very slowly as it would be quite hard at the beginning. Just continue this process for 15 to 20 minutes, now you will feel that the oil is turning thin and it helps you to move it so easily. Your mouth will get full after 20 to 25 minutes if you do it properly. Now it is the time for you to spit the oil out. See the color of the oil, it will be pure white. If it is yellowish, then you haven’t done it long enough. Clean your mouth once again and also clean the wash tub properly as the oil contains millions of germs and bacteria. You are allowed to take your break fast after 10 more minutes; you may need to take one or two glasses of water just after the oil pulling

This oil pulls out all mucous, germs, bacteria and toxins from your body through saliva. Ayurvedic treatment says that the mucous [“Kabham” in Ayurveda] is an unwanted thing that must be removed from your body. You can do oil pulling 2 or 3 times a day based on your health condition or if you need a fast result. But make sure that you do it in an empty stomach. Wait 4 to 5 hours after meal, 1 or 2 hours after drink. Do not do it before 2 hours if you have taken fruit juice or any kind of thick beverage.

Do not swallow the oil while swishing because it contains germs and toxins. Do not get worried if you swallow a few drops, nothing will go wrong. Do not stop oil pulling if your symptoms get aggravated, just continue another few more days and see. Stop the oil pulling for few days if your symptoms get worse and continue after few days. Give short breaks in between and you could come to a normal process within a short period of time.

Food Riots and the Race for Land

Overpopulation and a Looming Food Crisis

The price of food and resources are currently more than what the average Jo feels comfortable with and they are about to go higher as the population soars. Already 7 billion humans will have to fight for the dwindling stocks as scientists race to create more artificial ways of feeding the masses. With fish declining and weather predictions against agriculture the future is already bleak. While we in Australia and most other western nations can comfortable go to the supermarket and get produce it means that few people are worried about what will happen in the very near future when the tables are turned.

Already countries like China, for example, are investing heavily in Australian agricultural lands because the powers that be are looking to the future. Good land, good water supplies and easily accessible resources are attractive incentives for foreign investment companies looking to replace their own now arid lands as desertification is wiping out much of their productivity. That may mean that Australians will be buying from these Companies and paying higher prices for what may well be dwindling supplies.

If this country, for instance, has to export most of what it grows to foreign shores there will be little left for local supermarkets and consumers. Our food security will then be non-existent or at best greatly stressed. There are always people at the top making a fortune.

By looking ahead a few short years it has given many entrepreneurs an exciting glimmer of where they will be when things fall apart for the rest of us. Is there a way out and should we be securing our own agricultural land   in  Australian hands before the problem is unresolvable?

This is a problem that many countries should be addressing while the so-called free trade agreements may be tipped too far against us.

The  Elephant  that Has Escaped Untouched

Overpopulation is the  elephant   in   the   room  and it is obvious that most of the big CEO’s, with their million dollars a year contracts, don’t care about it. They just want money. The more people they have to use their services and goods the better off they see themselves. They don’t appear to worry if millions of people will soon die from starvation or in the riots that will surely follow food shortages when they come.

Many wars have started as a result of food and water shortages. Whosoever controls these resources will control the world when things get really tough. There are people dying today in their thousands because they have stripped their lands bare of soil and have overpopulated them to the extent that there is now no room.

Mass Migration has already Started

Great mobs are fleeing in their thousands while forcing themselves on other countries to let them in and this is nothing to what is coming. Illegal migrants are arriving in western countries by any means possible and many are hopping on unseaworthy boats, some drowning at sea, to escape the life they have unwittingly created for themselves. So is that a reasonable excuse to allow them to do the same to the rest of the world?

It’s time to take stock and to deal with the stupidity from which we will never escape if and when it comes about.